2,790 crowdsourcing and crowdfunding sites
Editor's Note: The following article comes to us from Sarah McKinney, founder and CEO of AMP. In this insightful piece, McKinney discusses how crowdfunding is changing market research, and what entrepreneurs and established companies alike can do to adapt to these changes. The original article can be found here; we are reposting it with the author's permission.
The overall market size for crowdfunding is anticipated to reach $500 million by the end of 2012, with growth fueled by anticipation of the JOBS Act taking force in January 2013. This legislation will expand campaign “perks” received in exchange for individual donations to include equity ownership in start-up businesses. Extreme crowdfunding success stories like Pebble, which exceeded its funding goal to raise $10.3 million in wristwatch pre-sales on Kickstarter, have given hope to entrepreneurs by democratizing the funding of ideas.
But arguably more powerful than the capability to raise capital or generate early orders is crowdfunding’s ability to:
Why spend thousands of dollars on custom surveys to gauge purchase interest when you can find out if people are willing to put their money where their mouth is at virtually no cost? In the future, crowdfunding will likely be seen as a viable solution not only for creative projects, causes, and aspiring entrepreneurs, but also for established small-to-medium sized companies seeking an alternative to traditional market research.
The US market research services industry includes 4,800 companies with combined annual revenue of about $17 billion. I have spent over a decade working in this sector, first on the vendor side conducting focus groups and quantitative studies for a variety of technology, consumer packaged goods, retail and automotive companies. I then managed research at Vivendi Universal Games, Activision and Yahoo! before going back to graduate school for an MBA is sustainable management.
Now, as a first-time entrepreneur of a tech start-up called AMP, which is a collaborative bookmarking site and file exchange for sustainability champions, launching a crowdfunding campaign on Indiegogo to kick-start our efforts arose as the obvious choice. In addition to the five reasons mentioned above, crowdfunding is a way for us to entice developer talent and gain leverage that can be used to secure additional investment and resources needed to scale growth post-beta.
Large companies will likely continue spending huge sums of money on traditional market research and product development, but crowdfunding offers a compelling alternative for small-to-medium sized businesses with budgetary constraints. Beyond the up-front investment needed to identify what will be tested and develop supporting campaign materials (e.g., AMP’s video cost ~$5K), crowdfunding is virtually free, reducing risk by allowing consumers to determine the viability of proposed products and/or services before development is pursued. The influx of small-to-medium sized business investment received directly from consumers, whether they’re new or existing companies, will stimulate the economy and create needed jobs by helping businesses with strong ideas to grow and flourish.
Having a simple way to stay engaged with the individuals who helped you develop your product or service, and thus creating brand advocates, is a marketer’s dream come true. Not to mention the benefits of having quantitative data to inform accurate sales forecasts. In some ways, this approach isn’t new, as iTunes, Amazon and video game publishers, to name a few, have been using a pre-sale strategy for years. But instead this would simply move the purchase decision up in the development cycle, further decreasing risk.
Established companies could also use crowdfunding platforms to identify acquisition opportunities, following the money to identify business ideas generating the most enthusiasm. Granted, some policing will be required to ensure established businesses don’t monopolize or misuse a crowdfunding platform, but it strikes me as an obvious evolution in market research methodologies, aimed at accurate demand assessment, customer relationship management and brand loyalty generation.
What do you think? Do you see other opportunities and risks for crowdfunding moving forward?
- Sarah McKinney has 10+ years of experience conducting consumer research and evaluating market receptivity to business and product ideas within the technology sector. She received her MBA from Presidio Graduate School and is the Founder & CEO of AMP (i.e., Amp Your Impact, Inc.). You can follow her @sarahmck, email at email@example.com, and learn more at: www.linkedin.com/in/sarahmckinney1